Skeletal System

 

NSAIDs

PA Criteria:

Tier 1 products are covered with no authorization necessary.

Tier 2 authorization criteria:

  • Previous use of at least two Tier 1 NSAIDs (from different product lines) plus a PPI within the last 120 days, or
  • For those with prior GI bleed who must have an NSAIDs, a Tier 2 product may be approved (Celebrex should also be taken with a PPI)

Special PA approval criteria:

  • A unique indication for which a Tier-1 or Tier-2 medication is not appropriate, such as the diagnosis of gout for indomethacin; or
  • Previous use of at least two Tier-1 NSAID products (from different product lines); and 
  • A patient-specific, clinically significant reason why a special formulation is needed over a Tier-1 product.
  • Additionally, use of Tivorbex™ will require a patient-specific, clinically significant reason why member cannot use other available generic indomethacin products.
  • Additionally, use of Celebrex (celecoxib) 400mg capsules will require a diagnosis of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) and a patient-specific, clinically significant reason why the member cannot use two celecoxib 200mg capsules to achieve a 400mg dose.

Meloxicam suspension for members older than 7 years of age will require a prior authorization.  A prior authorization request can be submitted for members older than 7 years of age requiring meloxicam suspension.  A reason why the member needs the liquid formulation and cannot use the oral tablet formulation should be provided with the prior authorization request.

NOTE: In order for previously utilized Tier 1 medications to count as trials toward a Tier 2 authorization, the member's NSAID therapy must have been continuous. Dates and dosing information for Tier 1 trials must be included on petition for authorization. Trials with OTC formulations of Tier 1 products must be dosed at full prescription strength. 

Prior Authorization form

Tier 1

Tier 2

Special PA

  • celecoxib (Celebrex®) 50mg,100mg and 200mg caps
  • diclofenac sodium (Voltaren®) 50mg and 75mg 
  • diclofenac ER (Voltaren XR®) 
  • etodolac (Lodine®) 400mg and 500mg tabs 
  • flurbiprofen (Ansaid®)
  • ibuprofen (Motrin®)
  • ketoprofen (Orudis®)
  • meloxicam (Mobic®) 
  • nabumetone (Relafen®) 
  • naproxen (Naprosyn®)
  • naproxen EC (Naprosyn EC®)
  • sulindac (Clinoril®)
 
  • diclofenac sodium/misoprostol (Arthrotec®)
  • diclofenac potassium (Cataflam®) 
  • diclofenac sodium (Voltaren®) 25mg tabs 
  • etodolac (Lodine®) 200mg and 300mg cap 
  • etodolac ER (Lodine XL®)
  • naproxen sodium (Anaprox®) 275mg and 550mg tabs
  • oxaprozin (Daypro®)
  • piroxicam (Feldene®) 
  • tolmetin (Tolectin®)
 
  • celecoxib (Celebrex®) 400mg caps
  • diclofenac (Zorvolex™) 
  • diclofenac epolamine (Flector®) 
  • diclofenac potassium (Zipsor®, Cambia®) 
  • diclofenac injection (Dyloject™) 
  • diclofenac sodium gel (Voltaren Gel®) 
  • diclofenac sodium drops (Pennsaid®)
  • fenoprofen (Nalfon®)
  • ibuprofen/famotidine (Duexis®) 
  • indomethacin (Tivorbex™)
  • indomethacin susp and er caps (Indocin®) 
  • ketoprofen ER (Oruvail®)
  • ketorolac tromethamine (Sprix®) nasal spray 
  • mefanamic acid (Ponstel®)
  • meclofenamate (Meclomen®)
  • meloxicam capsules (Vivlodex™) 
  • naproxen sodium (Naprelan®) 
  • naproxen/esomeprazole (Vimovo®)

back to top

Gout    

colchicine capsules (Mitigare™) and colchicine tablets (Colcrys®) Approval Criteria:

  • A quantity of six tablets for a three day supply is available without prior authorization for treatment of acute gouty attacks; AND
  • Failure of allopurinol after six months of treatment defined by persistent gouty attacks with serum urate levels greater than 6.0mg/dL; AND
  • Patient-specific, clinically significant reason why colchicine/probenecid would not be a viable option for the member. 
  • A quantity limit of 60 tablets per 30 days will apply for gout.   
  • Members with the diagnosis of Familial Mediterranean Fever verified by genetic testing will be approved for up to 2.4mg per day.

lesinurad/allopurinol (Duzallo®) Approval Criteria:  

  • Member must be 18 years of age or older; AND
  • An FDA approved indication for the treatment of symptomatic hyperuricemia associated with gout in patients who have not achieved target serum uric acid (sUA) levels with a medically appropriate daily dose of allopurinol alone; AND
  • Failure of allopurinol or febuxostat alone defined by serum urate levels greater than 6.0mg/dL; AND
  • Prior to starting treatment with Duzallo®, member must be on at least 300mg of allopurinol daily, unless creatinine clearance (CrCl) is less than 60mL/min then 200mg daily is required. Duzallo® 200mg/200mg will only be approved for members with a CrCl less than 60mL/min; AND  
  • Prescriber must verify that member has a CrCl greater than 45mL/min prior to initiating treatment. For continued approval, prescriber must verify CrCl is greater than 45mL/min and serum creatinine is not greater than two times baseline when Duzallo® was initiated; AND
  • Prescriber must document member has no contraindications for use of Duzallo® including any of the following: Tumor lysis syndrome or Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, severe renal impairment (CrCl less than 30mL/min), end-stage renal disease, kidney transplant recipients, or patients on dialysis.
  • A quantity limit of one tablet daily will apply. 

Prior Authorization form   

febuxostat (Uloric®) Approval Criteria:

  • Failure of allopurinol defined by persistent gouty attacks with serum urate levels greater than 6.5mg/dL.
  • Clinical reason why allopurinol is not a viable option for the member.
  • Quantity limit of #30 per 30 days will apply.

Prior Authorization form

lesinurad (Zurampic) Approval Criteria:

  • Member must be 18 years of age or older; AND
  • An FDA approved diagnosis of gout in patients who have not achieved target serum uric acid (sUA) levels with a xanthine oxidase inhibitor (XOI) alone; AND
  • Failure of allopurinol or febuxostat alone defined by serum urate levels greater than 6.0mg/dL; AND
  • Prescriber must verify that member has a creatinine clearance greater than 45mL/min prior to initiating treatment and for continued approval; AND
  • Prescriber must verify that member will take Zurampic™ concomitantly with a XOI; AND
  • Prescriber must document member is not taking more than 325mg of aspirin per day and member is not taking any epoxide hydrolase inhibitors; AND 
  • Prescriber must document member has no contraindications for use of Zurampic™ including any of the following: Tumor lysis syndrome or Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, severe renal impairment (CrCl less than 30mL/min), end stage renal disease, kidney transplant recipients, or patients on dialysis.
  • A quantity limit of one tablet daily will apply.

Prior Authorization form

   

back to top

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants

PA Criteria:

  • Tier 1 products are covered with no authorization necessary.

Tier 2 authorization requires:

  • Documented trial of two Tier 1 medications within the last 90 days with no beneficial response after a minimum of 2 weeks of continuous therapy during which time the medication has been titrated to the recommended dose.

Baclofen 5mg Tablet Approval Criteria:

  • A patient-specific, clinically significant reason why the member cannot use other appropriate Tier-1 products including splitting a baclofen 10mg tablet to achieve a 5mg dose must be provided.

Prior Authorization form   

Tier 1

Tier 2

Special PA

  • cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril®)
  • baclofen (Lioresal®)
  • orphenadrine (Norflex®)
  • chlorzoxazone (Parafon Forte, Paraflex®)
  • methocarbamol (Robaxin®)
  • tizanidine (Zanaflex®)
 
  • metaxolone (Skelaxin®)
 
  • baclofen 5mg (Lioresal®)
  • carisoprodol 350mg w/aspirin
  • carisoprodol 350mg, ASA, codeine
  • cyclobenzaprine ER (Amrix®) Caps
  • cyclobenzaprine 7.5mg (Fexmid®) Tabs
  • chlorzoxazone (Lorzone™)
  • carisoprodol (Soma®) 250mg, 350mg
  • tizanidine (Zanaflex®) Caps
 
Soma

PA Criteria:

  • A cumulative 90 therapy day window per 365 days will be in place for these products, further approval will be based on the following:
  • An additional approval for 1 month will be granted to allow titration or change to a Tier1 muscle relaxant. Further authorizations will not be granted.
  • Clinical exceptions may be made for members with the following diagnosis and approvals will be granted for the duration of one year:
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Cerebral Palsy
    • Muscular Dystrophy
    • Paralysis
     
  • A quantity limit of 120 per 30 days will also apply for the carisoprodol and carisoprodol combination products.

Soma 250 Approval for coverage is based on the following criteria:

  • Documentation regarding member's inability to use other skeletal muscle relaxants including carisoprodol 350 mg, and specific reason member cannot be drowsy for even a short time period. Member must not have other sedating medications in current claims history.
  • A diagnosis of acute musculoskeletal pain, in which case, the approval will be for 14 days per 365 day period.  Conditions requiring chronic use will not be approved.
  • Prior Authorization form
 
Amrix and Fexmid

PA criteria:

  • Approval requires FDA approved indication and clinical documentation of inability to take other generically available forms of cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride.
  • A quantity limit of 30 capsules for 30 days placed on Amrix.
  • A quantity limited of 90 tablets for 30 days placed on Fexmid.
  • Prior Authorization form
 
Zanaflex

PA Criteria:

  • Trizanidine tablets must be tried prior to consideration of the capsules. The capsules maybe considered for approval if there is supporting information as to why the member cannot take the tablets
  • Prior Authorization form
 

Lorzone

PA Criteria:

  • Generic chlorzoxazone 500mg tablets must be tried prior to consideration of Lorzone™; AND 
  • A patient-specific, clinically significant reason why the member cannot use generic chlorzoxazone 500mg tablets must be provided; AND
  • The following quantity limits apply:
    • Lorzone™ 375mg tablets: 120 tablets for 30 days
    • Lorzone™ 750mg tablets: 120 tablets for 30 days
  • Prior Authorization form  
 

back to top

Osteoporosis

Tier 1 products are available with no authorization necessary.

PA Criteria:

*Calcitonin and raloxifene are not included as Tier-1 trials.

  • Must be used at recommended doses in conjunction with Tier-1 bisphosphonate for trial to be accepted unless member has a recent laboratory result showing adequate Vitamin D or member is unable to tolerate calcium. OTC Calcium and Vitamin D are only covered for members with osteoporosis. See a list of covered calcium products.


Criteria for Moving to Higher Tiers:

  • Treatment failure with all lower tiered products, or
  • Contraindication to all lower tiered products, or
  • Allergic reaction to all lowered tiered products, or
  • Specific indication not covered by a lower tiered product.
  • No concomitant use of bisphosphonate therapy will be approved.  No additional bisphosphonate therapy may be approved for 365 days following zoledronic acid infusion. 
 

Tier 1

Tier 2

Special Criteria Apply

  • alendronate (Fosamax®)
  • calcium + vitamin D
  • lbandronate (Boniva®)
  • zoledronic acid (Reclast®)
 
  • alendronate +D (Fosamax +D®)
  • risedronate (Actonel®)
 
  • abaloparatide (Tymlos™)
  • alendronate (BinostoTM )
  • conjugated estrogens/bazedoxifene (Duavee®) 
  • denosumab (Prolia®) 
  • ibandronate (BonivaTM IV)
  • risedronate 30mg Tabs (Actonel®)
  • risedronate delayed release (Atelvia®)
  • teriparatide (Forteo®)
 
                                                                                                                          teriparatide (Forteo®)

PA Criteria: 

  • A diagnosis of one of the following:
    • Treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture; OR
    • To increase of bone mass in men with primary or hypogonadal osteoporosis at high risk for fracture; OR
    • Treatment of men and women with osteoporosis associated with sustained systemic glucocorticoid therapy at high risk for fracture; OR
    • Treatment of non-healing fracture; AND
  • A minimum 12 month trial with a bisphosphonate plus adequate calcium and vitamin D or a patient-specific, clinically significant reason the member cannot use a bisphosphonate; AND
  • The diagnosis of non-healing fracture may be approved for six months; AND
  • Treatment duration including other parathyroid hormone analogs has not exceeded a total of 24 months during the patient's lifetime; AND
  • Approval will be for a maximum of 2 years of therapy. 

Prior Authorization form

      

                                                                                                                         abaloparatide (Tymlos™)

abaloparatide (Tymlos™) Approval Criteria:

  • A diagnosis of postmenopausal osteoporosis confirmed by the following:
    • History of vertebral fracture(s) or low trauma or fragility fracture(s) [e.g., prior fracture from minor trauma such as falling from standing height or less] within the past 5 years; OR
    • A Bone Mineral Density test (T-score at or below -2.5) within the last month in the spine, femoral neck, total hip, or 33% radius; OR
    • Those with a T-score between -1.0 and -2.5 in the spine, femoral neck, total hip, or 33% radius, if the FRAX® 10-year probability for major osteoporotic fracture is ≥20% or the 10-year probability of hip fracture is ≥3%; AND
     
  • One of the following [if a 12-month bisphosphonate trial is inappropriate for the member, the member must have trial of Prolia™ or a selective estrogen receptor modulator [SERM] or a patient-specific, clinically significant reason why Prolia™ or a SERM is not appropriate]:
    • A minimum 12-month trial with a bisphosphonate plus adequate calcium and vitamin D; OR
    • A 12-month trial of Prolia™ (denosumab), unless contraindicated, intolerant, or allergic, that  did not yield adequate results; OR
    • A 12-month trial of a SERM, unless contraindicated, intolerant, or allergic, that  did not yield adequate results; OR
     
  • A patient-specific, clinically significant reason why the member cannot use Forteo® (teriparatide); AND
  • Treatment duration including other parathyroid hormone analogs has not exceeded a total of 24 months during the patient's lifetime; AND
  • Approval will be for a maximum of 2 years of therapy; AND
  • A quantity limit of one pen per 30-days will apply. 

Prior Authorization form

 

denosumab (Xgeva®) *Medical billing only

Consideration for approval will be based on the following criteria:

  • An FDA approved indication of one of the following:
    • Prevention of skeletal-related events in patients with multiple myeloma and in patients with bone metastases from solid tumors; OR
    • Treatment of adults and skeletally mature adolescents with giant cell tumor of the bone (GCTB) that is unresectable or where surgical resection is likely to result in severe morbidity; OR 
  • Prescriber must document that tumor is unresectable or that surgical resection is likely to result in severe morbidity.
    • Treatment of hypercalcemia of malignancy refractory to bisphosphonate therapy.  
     
  • Member must have albumin-corrected calcium of greater than 12.5 mg/dL (3.1 mmol/L) despite treatment with intravenous bisphosphonate therapy in the last 30 days prior to initiation of Xgeva® therapy.   
 

ProliaTM, Boniva® IV requires

Prior Authorization Criteria:

  • A minimum 12 month trial with a Tier 1 or Tier 2 bisphosphonate plus adequate calcium and vitamin D, or
  • Contraindication to or intolerable adverse effects with Tier 1 and Tier 2 products. 

Prior Authorization form

conjugated estrogens/bazedoxifene (Duavee®)

Consideration for approval will be based on the following criteria:

  • An FDA approved diagnosis of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause or for prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis; AND
  • Member must be a female with an intact uterus; AND  
  • For a diagnosis of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause:
    • Member must have at least 7 moderate to severe hot flushes per day or at least 50 per week prior to treatment; AND
     
  • For a diagnosis of prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis:
    • A trial of Fosamax® (alendronate), Actonel® (risedronate), Boniva® (ibandronate) or Reclast® (zoledronic acid) compliantly used for at least 6 months concomitantly with calcium + vitamin D, that failed to prevent fracture or improve BMD scores; OR
    • Contraindication to, hypersensitivity to, or intolerable adverse effects with all bisphosphonates indicated for prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis; and
     
  • Member must not have any of the contraindications for use of Duavee®; AND
  • Members greater than 65 years of age will generally not be approved without supporting information.
  • Approvals will be for the duration of 6 months to ensure the need for continued therapy is reassessed periodically and the medication is being used for the shortest duration possible.
  • A quantity limit of 30 tablets per 30 days will apply.
 

back to top

 

If you have questions please call the Pharmacy Help Desk at (800) 522-0114 option 4 or (405) 522-6205 option 4.


)